The deal was signed by Thomas Douth, the head of South Sudan’s intelligence bureau, and Mohammed Atta, Sudan’s director of national intelligence and security.
The two sides agreed “respect for each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity” and to “refrain from launching any attack, including bombardment”.
There is no expectation of immediate change on the ground, but the agreement is a “means of calling [both countries] to account because they have signed up to the deal”.
The memorandum of understanding covers five principles; the clauses referring to “no cross-border operations” and “no supporting of proxies” are the most important.
Border tensions between the two countries have mounted since South Sudan split from Sudan in July, becoming the world’s newest nation.
Negotiations between the two former civil war foes have been marred by eruptions of violence along the border, including in the contested Abyei and Blue Nile states.
South Sudan took three-quarters of Sudan’s oil when it gained independence, but the north controls all pipeline and export facilities.
Via Al Jazeera.